Panchang – What is Panchang? – Parts of a Panchang

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The word Panchang literally means five parts, Panch translates to Five and Ang or Anga translates to parts, hence Five Parts of a day. This five parts of Panchang are:

  1. Tithi
  2. Day or Din
  3. Yog
  4. Karan and
  5. Nakshatra.

Here are the detailed descriptions of the five parts of Panchang

  1. TITHI: Poisition of Sun and Moon. At the end of Amavasya, Sun and Moon both remain at the same Degree (Ansh), the shukla Paksha Pratipada starts at that time.When thedifference of fast revolving Moon from Sun becomes 12 Degree (Ansh) that is the end of Pratipada and start of Dwitiya.Besides this, please get information of all the tithies with the stages of Moon revolving around the Earth.
    • TITHI VRIDHI ( Addition) : The tithi which is present at the time of Sunrise on first day and also on the second day sunrise is called Tithi Vridhi.
    • TITHI KSHAYA ( Delectin ) : The tithi which starts after first sunrise and ends before second sun rise is called Tithi Kshaya.
  2. DAYS: The time between first sunrise to next sunrise is called a day : Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday & Saturday are 7 days of the week. सोमवार, मंगलवार, बुधवार, वृहस्पतिवार या गुरुवार, शुक्रवार, शनिवार एवं रविवार ।
  3. YOG: When the total of Zodiac sign (Rashi), degree (Ansh) minute (kalaa) of full Moon and Sun becomes 13 degree (Ansh) and 20 minute (Kala), it becomes a Yog. There are 27 Yogas : Vishkumbh, Preeti, Aayushman, Saubhagya, Shobhan, Atigand, Sukarma, Dhriti, Shool, Gand, Vridhi, Dhruv, Vyaghat, Harshan, Vajra, Sidhi, Vyatipat, Variyaan, Parigh, Shiv, Sidh, Sadhya, Shubh, Shukla, Brahm, Ainder, Vaidhriti.
  4. KARAN: One tithi has two karans. 7 Char karans are : Vav, Valav, Kaulav, Taitil, Gar, Vanij, Vishti. 4 Fixed Karans are: Shakuni, Chatushpad, Naag kinstughan. In total there are 11 Karan. Only sunrise time karan has been given in this Panchang.

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